Studies in Phenomenology



ISSN 2226-5260

 

St. Petersburg State University
Institute of Philosophy

 HORIZON

STUDIES IN PHENOMENOLOGY

STUDIEN ZUR PHÄNOMENOLOGIE
ФЕНОМЕНОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ ИССЛЕДОВАНИЯ
ÉTUDES PHÉNOMÉNOLOGIQUES

 

Volume 1, Number 2 2012

 

CONTENTS

 

I. RESEARCH

Chernavin Georgy
On the Issue of Interrelation of Multiple Types of Teleology in Husserl’s Phenomenology: the Teleological Aspect of the Passage to the Phenomenological Attitude
7-40
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Author
Chernavin Georgy
Graduate student of the Department of Ontology and Epistemology, Faculty of Philosophy, St. Petersburg State University
PhD student of the Laboratory ERRAPHIS, University Toulouse II Le Mirail (France)
PhD student of the University of Wuppertal (Germany)
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Abstract
In this paper the different meanings of teleology in E. Husserl’s phenomenology are treated, notably the three thematic rubrics of the teleological: the teleology of history, the ethical teleology and the teleology of intentionality (immanent teleology of the experience). The following common features of the diverse teleological investigations are determined: concordance, completeness, infi nity (i.e. the infi nite tasks). On this ground we conclude on the fundamental role of teleology within the intentional analysis of consciousness and on its key-role in the passage towards the phenomenological attitude.

Key words
Teleology of history, ethical teleology, teleology of intentionality, immanent teleology of experience, concordance, completeness, infinite tasks, phenomenological attitude.

DOI : 10.18199/2226-5260-2012-1-2-7-40

Kozyreva Anastasia
“Affective Awakening of the Past”: an Analysis of Pre-cognitive Dimension of Recollection in the Phenomenology of Edmund Husserl
41-63
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Author
Kozyreva Anastasia
MA in Philosophy
Research worker at the Center for Phenomenology and Hermeneutics, Faculty of Philosophy, St. Petersburg State University
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Abstract
The aim of this article is to examine the affective dimension of recollection on the basis of Husserl’s “Analyses concerning passive synthesis”. In our view, the distinction between active and passive constitution, provided in the genetic phenomenology of E. Husserl, opens up a possibility to consider the problems of memory and subjective identity not as merely cognitive, but also as essentially affective phenomena. In this context, affectivity describes the realm of pre-predicative and pre-cognitive experience that precedes and makes possible the explicit and thematic correlation between subject and world. Our claim is that the affective level of subjective life is not limited to the sphere of the living present, but includes the dimension of past life as well, without which it would not be possible to speak of a subjectivity as having the experience. In order to investigate the affective component of recollection, the article explores the distinction between the act of recollection and the “affective awakening of the past”, the conditions of such reproductive awakening, and the phenomenological analysis of affective dimension of recollection as a means to understand the phenomenon of implicit memory.

Key words
Memory, recollection, affectivity, identity, subjectivity, phenomenology.

DOI : 10.18199/2226-5260-2012-1-2-41-63

Nagasaka Masumi
About Argument of Transcendental Idealism on Husserl:
Texts No. 5–7 (Husserliana XXXVI)
64-83
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Author
Nagasaka Masumi
PhD student at Kyoto University
Member of the joint doctoral program of the Univetsity of Toulouse II Le Mirail (France) and University of Wuppertal (Germany)
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Abstract
The aim of this paper is to show the mutual dependence between Husserlian concepts of the “idea in the Kantian sense” and the principle of contradiction, through the reading of Husserl’s texts concerning the “proof (Beweis) of transcendental idealism” from 1913 to 1915.

Key words
Idea in the Kantian sense, real possibility, merely ideal possibility, displacement (Aufschub), law of contradiction, reality, transcendental idealism.

DOI: 10.18199/2226-5260-2012-1-2-64-83

Pasetto Sara
The Possibility of a Logical Foundation of Ethics. The Phenomenology of Edmund Husserl’s Prolegomena
84-99
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Author
Pasetto Sara
PhD student of the Verona University (Italy)
Husserl Archive at the Albert-Ludwigs-University in Freiburg (Germany)
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Abstract
Why do I have to be ethical? That is the essential question of a logical foundation of ethics in the phenomenology of Edmund Husserl. This article proposes to see the basic motivation of an ethical reason in the relationship between the two fundamental poles, that is the “Lifeworld” (“Lebenswelt”) and the “I-subject” (“Ich-Subjekt”). This connection will be considered to constitute ethics in this article. This kind of ethics as a “condition of possibility” is then an a-priori ontological necessity. The article will demonstrate how the composition of Husserl’s Prolegomena and his argumentation are an example of a foundation for phenomenological ethics: in this book Husserl derived logic as the fi rst “condition of possibility”. With logic’s three main characteristics — theory, normativity and praxis — it is the theoretical basis of a phenomenological ethics.

Key words
Ethics, Husserl’s phenomenology, logic, foundation, condition of possibility, life-world, I-subject.

DOI : 10.18199/2226-5260-2012-1-2-84-99

Belousov Mikhail
Hermeneutic Circle and “Voraussetzungslosigkeit” Principle in Husserl and Heidegger
100-116
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Author
Belousov Mikhail
PhD in Philosophy
Research worker of the Centre for Phenomenology of the Russian State University for the Humanities, Moscow, Russia
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Abstract
The article deals with the concepts of hermeneutic circle and “Voraussetzungslosigkeit” principle in Husserl and Heidegger. It examines the question, if an introduction of the concept of hermeneutic circle in Heidegger is to be treated as an abandon of the “Voraussetzungslosigkeit” principle in phenomenology or hermeneutic circle and “Voraussetzungslosigkeit” principle somehow coexist in Husserl’s and Heidegger’s methodological refl ections.

Key words
Husserl, Heidegger, phenomenology, hermeneutics, hermeneutic circle, “Voraussetzungslosigkeit” principle.

DOI : 10.18199/2226-5260-2012-1-2-100-116

Brosova Natalia
Nostalgia of Mind and Heart: Metaphysics of Province by M. Heidegger
117-134
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Author
Brosova Natalia
DSc in Philosophy
Professor of the Department of Cultural and Political Research, National Research University “Belgorod State University”
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Abstract
The article analyzes M. Heidegger’s conception of Province. This subject plays a particularly signifi cant role in Germany, although it is also important in the rest of Europe. Heidegger is keeping on the original Latin semantics: he opposes the Parent State, or Metropolis (patria major) and Province (outer space connected to the Parent State only by statute). This kind of opposition contains some very important aspects of Heidegger’s philosophy, namely: primary nature and secondary nature, interiority (as identity) and exteriority (as formality), ability to move and to be moved, human conditions and state conditions. Especially important is for Heidegger’s thinking such a phenomenon as “Parent State ness”/”Nativeness”. He thinks over this subject through the prism oh the German Romantics and stresses such points as the fi eld of spiritual nearness (Heimat) which should make the soil for the Patria as the Land of the Ancestors (Vaterland).

Key words
Heidegger, metaphysics, province, opposition of city/hamlet, privacy, thinking, identity.

DOI : 10.18199/2226-5260-2012-1-2-117-134

 

II. ARCHIVE

Schnell Alexander
Time and Phenomenon. Husserl’s Phenomenology of Time (1893–1918). Section С. The Constitution of Pre-immanent Temporality. Chapter III. The Original Process and Double Fulfilling-Emptying Intentionality in “Bernau Manuscripts”. Part 1
(Trans., Comment. by G. Chernavin)
135-168
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Author
Chernavin Georgy
Graduate student of the Department of Ontology and Epistemology, Faculty of Philosophy, St. Petersburg State University
PhD student of the Laboratory ERRAPHIS, University Toulouse II Le Mirail (France)
PhD student of the University of Wuppertal (Germany)
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Abstract
In this chapter Alexander Schnell considers Edmund Husserl’s manuscripts on the problem of internal consciousness of the 1917–1918 period. In this part the author suggests the theming of “protofeelings” and pre-immanent temporality, descent in the pre-immanent sphere and problematization of protoprocess status in constituting consciousness-time, rejection of the scheme “prehension/content of prehension” and transition to research of the nature of temporal modification itself, specifically of retential modifications of hyletic cores.

Key words
Levels of temporality, prehension/content of prehension, pre-immanent temporality, protoprocess, “phenomenon of subsidence”.

Husserl Edmund
Husserliana XXXIII. Bernau Manuscripts on Time Consciousness (1917/1918) № 11
(Trans., Comment. by G. Chernavin)
169-192
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Author
Chernavin Georgy
Graduate student of the Department of Ontology and Epistemology, Faculty of Philosophy, St. Petersburg State University
PhD student of the Laboratory ERRAPHIS, University Toulouse II Le Mirail (France)
PhD student of the University of Wuppertal (Germany)
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Abstract
This text is a fragment of the Manuscript L I 15, entitled as “A new attempt to clarify the mind that constitutes temporal objectivity. The question of whether prehension occurs in primordial consciousness”.

Key words
Consciousness of time, protopresentation, retention, real content, primordial and non-primordial consciousness.

Husserl Edmund
First Philosophy. Lecture 39, 40
(Trans. by J. Orlova)
193-200
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Author
Orlova Julia
PhD in Philosophy
Senior Lecturer of the Department of Ontology and Epistemology of Faculty of Philosophy, St. Petersburg State University

Abstract
In his 39th lecture, Husserl discusses the question of generality of transcendental experience of the self, its transcendental past, present and future. In the next lecture the role of introspection as splitting I and assertion of I in flowing living present are defined.

Key words
Transcendental experience, proper transcendental form of time, introspection of the second level, doubled I.

Tengelyi Laszlo
Phenomenology and Categories of Experience
(Trans. by D. Kononets, Ed. by N. Artemenko)
201-219
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Author
Translation:
Kononets Dar'ya
MA student of the Erasmus Mundus Europhilosophie in University of Bonn
MA student of the Charles University in Prague and University of Wuppertal
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Editor:
Artemenko Natalia
PhD in Philosophy
Senior lecturer of the Department of Ontology and Epistemology, Instute of Philosophy, St. Petersburg State University
199034 St. Petersburg, Russia
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Abstract
This paper attempts to define what is meant by metaphysics of Husserl, from the standpoint of which such fundamental concepts of phenomenology as “phenomenon” and “experience” should be reinterpreted. The question about how categories of experience should be interpreted in phenomenology should be placed in the center of reasoning related to this question.

Key words
Metaphysics of facticity, intentionality, spontaneous formation of sense, event phenomenon, fulfilment of experience.

Husserl Edmund
Memories of Franz Brentano
(Trans. by R. Gromov)
220-231
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Author
Gromov Roman
PhD in Philosophy
Associate Professor of the Department of History of Philosophy, Faculty of Philosophy and Culture Studies, Southern Federal University (Rostov-on-Don)
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Abstract
In his memoirs Husserl describes his happy, but far from simple relationship with his teacher F. Brentano. On the one hand, figure of Brentano was decisive in formation of young Husserl’s conception of philosophy as strict science. On the other – unambiguously determined position of the teacher confused the disciple in his early philosophical investigations.
Nevertheless, Husserl showed his admiration for Brentano as a philosopher and man, who always supported him, throughout his life.

Key words
F. Brentano, memoirs, mathematical strictness of philosophy, German idealism.

 

III. DISCUSSIONS

Interview with Prof. Dr. László Tengely
Wuppertal University, 2nd July 2012, Part I
(Prep. and trans. by A. Kozyreva, G. Chernavin)
232-247
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Author
Tengelyi László
DSc in Philosophy
PhD in Classical Philology
Professor at the University of Wuppertal (Germany)
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Kozyreva Anastasia
MA in Philosophy
Research worker at the Center for Phenomenology and Hermeneutics, Faculty of Philosophy, St. Petersburg State University
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Chernavin Georgy
Graduate student of the Department of Ontology and Epistemology, Faculty of Philosophy, St. Petersburg State University
PhD student of the Laboratory ERRAPHIS, University Toulouse II Le Mirail (France)
PhD student of the University of Wuppertal (Germany)
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Abstract
In the interview professor Tengely defines for himself the most significant premises from which his philosophical search proceeds. With the same time, they set the schematics that applies to the topics that are analyzed in the interview: what is philosophy, what is the fate of metaphysics in modernity; what is the interaction between phenomenology and cognitive sciences, what is the specificity of discussion between phenomenology and speculative realism, phenomenology and naturalism.

Key words
Totality of being, infinity, speculative realism, life, sketch of the world; naturalism.

Gespräch Mit Prof. Dr. László Tengelyi
Bergische Universität Wuppertal. Den 02. Juli 2012. Teil I
(А. Kozyreva, G. Chernavin)
248-263
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Author
Tengelyi László
DSc in Philosophy
PhD in Classical Philology
Professor at the University of Wuppertal (Germany)
e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Kozyreva Anastasia
MA in Philosophy
Research worker at the Center for Phenomenology and Hermeneutics, Faculty of Philosophy, St. Petersburg State University
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Chernavin Georgy
Graduate student of the Department of Ontology and Epistemology, Faculty of Philosophy, St. Petersburg State University
PhD student of the Laboratory ERRAPHIS, University Toulouse II Le Mirail (France)
PhD student of the University of Wuppertal (Germany)
e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Abstract
In the interview professor Tengely defines for himself the most significant premises from which his philosophical search proceeds. With the same time, they set the schematics that applies to the topics that are analyzed in the interview: what is philosophy, what is the fate of metaphysics in modernity; what is the interaction between phenomenology and cognitive sciences, what is the specificity of discussion between phenomenology and speculative realism, phenomenology and naturalism.

Key words
Totality of being, infinity, speculative realism, life, sketch of the world, naturalism.

Review of the International Conference
“Diversity a Priori” Dedicated to the Twentieth Anniversary of Faculty of Philosophy, Russian State University for the Humanities
19–20 April 2012, Moscow
(A. Patkul)
264-273
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Author
Patkul Andrei
PhD in Philosophy
Senior lecturer of the Department of Ontology and Epistemology, Institute of Philosophy, St. Petersburg State University
199034 St. Petersburg, Russia
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Abstract
In accordance with the wording of the main topic of the conference, participants of the event offered an examination of the problem of apriority in different perspectives and limits of different methodological bases. Views on apriority revealed an ambivalence of the concept — a paradox related to the diversity a priori; a priori in logical and transcendental sense; the closest in concept that can be reached only through the farthest; the character of relation to a priori on which depends the recognition or rejection of ontological or metaphysical understanding of philosophy. A number of reports were dedicated to the role of apriority in theology, everyday life, evolution biology.

Key words
A priori, conditions of concernment of cognition, veracity of experience, element of consciousness, senses of mind.

Review of the International VI Russian Congress of Philosophy
Philosophy in Contemporary World: Dialogue of World Views”. Section “Philosophical Ontology — 1”
27–30 June 2012, Nizhni Novgorod
(A. Patkul)
274-281
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Author
Patkul Andrei
PhD in Philosophy
Senior lecturer of the Department of Ontology and Epistemology, Institute of Philosophy, St. Petersburg State University
199034 St. Petersburg, Russia
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Abstract
Participants of the conference attempted to define the place of ontology in the historic-philosophical tradition as well as in modern philosophical thought: from redefining its role as main philosophical discipline to specification of the meaning of the term “ontology” and defining its subject. A number of reports touched on such topics as ontological grounds of consciousness, correlation of ontology and dialectics, ontology and transcendentalism, nature of time as the basis of ontology; idea of ontology not as philosophical science among others, but instead as what is related to representation and is even before the formation of science.

Key words
Ontology, being, existing, transcendence, dialectics, ontological turn.

Review of the International Conference
“New Phenomenology in France”
7–8 March 2012, Paris, France
(A. Yampolskaya, G. Chernavin)
282-288
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Author
Yampolskaya Anna
DSc in Philosophy
Leading Research Fellow at the Centre for Phenomenological Philosophy, Russian State University for the Humanities
Senior Research Fellow at the Centre for Fundamental Sociology, National Research University “Higher School of Economics”
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Chernavin Georgy
Graduate student of the Department of Ontology and Epistemology, Faculty of Philosophy, St. Petersburg State University
PhD student of the Laboratory ERRAPHIS, University Toulouse II Le Mirail (France)
PhD student of the University of Wuppertal (Germany)
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Abstract
Modern French phenomenology has adopted two fundamental moments from late Heidegger’s texts: “phenomenology of the invisible” or “implicit” and problematization of event as a pattern of all kinds of phenomena. Peculiarity of phenomenological tradition resulted in a reconsideration of the concept of the phenomenon and its transformation into event, view on phenomenology as “real philosophy” that caused the second after theological “turn in the tradition”, analysis of problems of the body and speech as well as the key role of ethical (practical) and theological problems.

Key words
Jean-Luc Marion, M. Riсhir, phenomenon, event, phenomenology of the given, phenomenology of spontaneous formation of sense, intuitivism.

Review of the International Conference
“Leibniz's Metaphysics and Phenomenology of Virtuality”
20–21 June 2012, Kaunas, Lithuania
(I. Zaitsev)
289-296
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Author
Zaitsev Igor
PhD in Philosophy
Senior Lecturer at the Department of History of Philosophy of Faculty of Philosophy, St. Petersburg State University
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Abstract
The analysis of Leibniz’s heritage and phenomenology of virtuality in the title of this conference do not exhaust the whole variety of topics, but rather are the poles between which the discussion has been developing. Monadology of Leibniz became the place of concurrence of absolute identity and unique ecstatic that gave rise to a specific discourse of virtuality.

Key words
Leibniz, monadology, virtual, apperception, animal, mirror, time.

 

IV. BOOK REVIEWS

Gunnar Karlsson
Psychoanalysis in a New Light.
Cambridge University Press, 2010
(А. Khakhalova)
297-301
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Author
Khakhalova Anna
Assistant Professor of the East-European Institute of Psychoanalysis
197198 St. Petersburg, Russia
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Abstract
Karlsson’s book is dedicated to epistemological justification of main concepts of psychoanalysis: libido, unconsciousness and attraction. The central and main part of the book is devoted to the problem of conceptualization of mental, which the author sees in the definition and interpretation of the concept of the unconsciousness in psychoanalysis. Phenomenological tradition is used here as an instrumental apparatus and accompanying tradition, but the book, investigating points of similarities and gaps between two traditions, is one of the variants of scientific cooperation of phenomenology with psychoanalysis.

Key words
Psychoanalysis, unconsciousness, phenomenology, life-world, philosophy of mind, phenomenological psychology.

Jose Luis Bermudez
The Paradox of Self-Consciousness.
Cambridge (Massachussets): MIT Press, 1998
(F. Stanzhevskiy)
302-308
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Author
Stanzhevskiy Fedor
Research worker at the Centre for Phenomenology and Hermeneutics of the Institute of Philosophy at the St. Petersburg State University
199034 St. Petersburg, Russia
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Abstract
This paper is a philosophical analysis of self-consciousness taking into account the achievements of modern sciences about consciousness. The author’s research interest focuses on problems of analysis of the first-person thinking and self-consciousness (self-consciousness and linguistic self-reference), disclosure of forms of primary preconceptual self-consciousness. External perception, where corporeality sets the boundaries of the visual field; internal perception — proprioception that gives pre-reflective sense of arrangement of parts of the body in space and in relation to each other and sense of limbs’ motion and preconceptual prehension.

Key words
Analytic philosophy, phenomenology, linguistic self-reference, pre-conceptual self-consciousness, pre-conceptual prehension.

Martin Heidegger
Phenomenological Interpretations with Respect to Aristotle. Indication of the Hermeneutical Situation.
Saint-Petersburg, Publishing House “Humanitarian Academy”, 2012
(S. Nikonova)
309-314
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Author
Nikonova Svetlana
PhD in Philosophy
Working for doctor's degree at the Department of Aesthetics and Philosophy of Culture, St. Petersburg State University
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Abstract
Heidegger reads Aristotle's philosophy as the end and fulfillment of Greek thought. His work on Aristotle plays an important role in the genesis of his thought and has a formative influence on his unique understanding of phenomenology. Heidegger not only reads Aristotle as a phenomenological thinker, but also derives his own unique sense of phenomenology from his dialog with Aristotle. As in his Introduction to Being and Time, Heidegger speaks in this essay of the need for any ontologically fundamental approach to begin with a destruction of the history of philosophy. In 1922 essay was much of the philosophical vocabulary of Being and Time, words like Sorge, Besorgen, Umwelt, Umgang, Umsicht, Bedeutsamkeit, das Man, Verfallen and so on. It is the first Russian translation of Heidegger’s essay made by Artemenko N.

Key words
Phenomenology, facticity, destruction, care, Being, Beingness, hermeneutic phenomenology, Aristotle.

 

V. EVENTS

Announce of the New Translation of the “Truth and Method” H.-G. Gadamer 315-316
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Announce of Release of a Scientific Monograph “Time, Perception, Imagination.
Phenomenological Study on the Issue at the Time of Augustine, Kant and Husserl”
317-318
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Announce of Translation of Paul Ricoeur “La Métaphore Vive” 319-320
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2012-1(1)

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