Studies in Phenomenology



ISSN 2226-5260

 

St. Petersburg State University
Institute of Philosophy

 HORIZON

Studies in Phenomenology

STUDIEN ZUR PHÄNOMENOLOGIE
ФЕНОМЕНОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ ИССЛЕДОВАНИЯ
ÉTUDES PHÉNOMÉNOLOGIQUES

 

Volume 1, Number 1 2012

 

CONTENTS

Editor's Preface 5-6
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I. RESEARCH

Gromov Roman
Definition and Description at Brentano and Husserl. Language-Games in the Phenomenology of Consciousness
7-27
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Author
Gromov Roman
PhD in Philosophy
Associate Professor of the Department of History of Philosophy, Faculty of Philosophy and Culture Studies, Southern Federal University (Rostov-on-Don)
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Abstract
In the article logic preconditions of the concept of description at Brentano and Husserl are considered, in particular, a connection between the doctrine of the definition and the practice of the description of consciousness. Originality of Brentanos doctrine is that he has departed from the Aristotelian principle of dichotomizing differentiation of generic concepts. On the contrary, Husserl comes back to an Aristotelian principle of differentiation of generic definitions and confirms an intentionality as a generic property of acts of the consciousness. The author shows how divergences in the logic theory of concept have caused many essential distinctions at Brentano and Husserl in practice of description and in interpretation of the structures of acts of the consciousness.

Key words
Phenomenology, Brentano, Husserl, description, theory of definition, intentionality.

DOI : 10.18199/2226-5260-2012-1-1-7-27

Patkul Andrei
Time аs Horizon of Understanding of Being in the Fundamental Ontology
28-47
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Author
Patkul Andrei
PhD in Philosophy
Senior lecturer of the Department of Ontology and Epistemology, Institute of Philosophy, St. Petersburg State University
199034 St. Petersburg, Russia
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Abstract
This article deals with the notion of time in the Martin Heidegger’s fundamental оntology. The conceptual deference between the ordinary understanding of time and its ontological comprehension as temporality is made here. Namely the time of the ordinary understanding is guided by the moment of “now”, but the temporality as the meaning of human being (of Dasein) has to be treated on the base of its ecstatical character. It is shown in which way the temporality as the ontological meaning of human being can be the condition of possibility of any understanding of being in general.

Key words
Fundamental Ontology, Martin Heidegger, being, time, Dasein, temporality, ecstasis.

DOI : 10.18199/2226-5260-2012-1-1-28-47

Stanzhevskiy Fedor
Towards Phenomenological Foundations of the Hermeneutical Conception of Personal Identity Over Time
48-64
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Author
Stanzhevskiy Fedor
Research worker at the Centre for Phenomenology and Hermeneutics of the Institute of Philosophy at the St. Petersburg State University
199034 St. Petersburg, Russia
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Abstract
The hermeneutical conception of personal identity and self-understanding is based on narrativity. The latter is hermeneutical in so far as it involves hermeneutic circle wich is inscribed in different ways into our self-understending. However, the narrative self is founded in the phenomenology of embodiment. There is a reciprocal connection between our narrative and embodied selves.

Key words
Narrative, self, self-understanding, self-consciousness, hermeneutic circle, embodiment.

DOI : 10.18199/2226-5260-2012-1-1-48-64

Serkova Vera
Towards the Spatial Constituting in the Phenomenology of E. Husserl
65-75
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Author
Serkova Vera
DSc, Professor
Department of Native and Foreign Culture, St. Petersburg State Polytechnic University
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Abstract
The article is devoted to phenomenological theory of spatial constituting in the philosophy of E. Husserl. It examines the basic concepts associated with the sense of spatial perception and spatial reflection, personal or bodily consciousness, kinestezy, apprezentation, apperception. The author shows the connection the theory of spatial syntheses of consciousness with the theory of temporal syntheses of consciousness.

Key words
Corporeality, corporeal consciousness, kinestezy, appresentation, apperception, spatial syntheses of consciousness.

DOI : 10.18199/2226-5260-2012-1-1-65-75

Chernavin Georgy
The Functions of the “Primary (Living) Present” in the Husserl’s Late Phenomenοlogy
76-95
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Author
Chernavin Georgy
Graduate student of the Department of Ontology and Epistemology, Faculty of Philosophy, St. Petersburg State University
PhD student of the Laboratory ERRAPHIS, University Toulouse II Le Mirail (France)
PhD student of the University of Wuppertal (Germany)
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Abstract
This paper examines the contensive and methodological functions of the “primary (living) present” in the Husserl’s late phenomenology. In the first part of the paper transcendental being as a “concrete primarily living present” and transcendental life as a “Heraclitean streaming present” are thematized. In the second part I examine the role of an investigation into the living present in the context of a change of attitude. In the conclusion special attention is given to the primal fact of the “living present” and to the situation of “auto-discovery” in reflection.

Key words
Living present, transcendental being, transcendental life, time-consciousness, phenomenological method, reflection.

DOI : 10.18199/2226-5260-2012-1-1-76-95

 

II. ARCHIVE

Husserl Edmund
Bernau Manuscripts on Time Consciousness (1917/1918) № 14-15
(Trans., Comment. by
G. Chernavin)
96-114
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Author
Chernavin Georgy
Graduate student of the Department of Ontology and Epistemology, Faculty of Philosophy, St. Petersburg State University
PhD student of the Laboratory ERRAPHIS, University Toulouse II Le Mirail (France)
PhD student of the University of Wuppertal (Germany)
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Abstract
This translation fully reproduces the most compact part of volume XXXIII of collection of Husserl’s works (Part IV). It consists of only two texts: № 14: “My flow of feelings and I” and №15: “Temporal relations of pure I”. Title of part IV “Egological and hyletic temporality in a genetic perspective” seems to be adequate to the content of texts: problem of participation of I in the flow of consciousness and problem of passive hyletic layer of time constitution.

Key words
Flow of feelings, non-egological sensuality, proto-state, hyle.


Textological seminar:
Bernau Manuscripts of Husserl
(Leader J. Orlova)
115-123
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Author
Kuznetsov Alexei
PhD student of Faculty of Philosophy, St. Petersburg State University
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Abstract
This textological workshop focused on translation of the § 2 of the text № 14 from Bernau Manuscripts. In the framework of the workshop the discussion of the first paragraph of the text no. 14 was given, to be exact — the problem of reduction to the non-egoglogical sensuality (ichlosen Sensualität), status of discretion that leads to non-egological side of I and this I itself.

Key words
Transcendental Ego, non-egological sensuality, phenomenological abstraction, reflective intuition.

Gethmann Carl Friedrich
Dasein: Cognition and Activity. Heidegger in the Context of the Phenomenology.
Section: Dasein and Cognition. Chapter: Existential Concept of Science. To § 69 b “Being and Time” (Fragment)
(Trans., Comment. by A. Patkul)
124-136
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Author
Patkul Andrei
PhD in Philosophy
Senior lecturer of the Department of Ontology and Epistemology, Institute of Philosophy, St. Petersburg State University
199034 St. Petersburg, Russia
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Abstract
The author of this monograph considers substantial sides of philosophical work of Heidegger in its own phenomenological context. Moreover, in contrast to many other interpreters of heideggerian philosophy, Getmann examines Heidegger’s ontological undertaking in the unity of its systematic intention. This fragment is about Heidegger’s reformulation of phenomenological program of Husserl, particularly of the idea of pure consciousness, being of intentional that resulted in neglect of the question about the meaning of being itself and became the key to understanding the philosophical theme of Heidegger.

Key words
Principles of phenomenology, meaning of being, fundamental ontology, ontological funding of sciences.

Langrebe Ludwig
Problem of Passive Constitution.
(Trans., Comment. by N. Artemenko)
137-157
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Author
Artemenko Natalia
PhD in Philosophy
Senior lecturer of the Department of Ontology and Epistemology, Instute of Philosophy, St. Petersburg State University
199034 St. Petersburg, Russia
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Abstract
This article deals with little-studied issue of passive constitution, research of which clears the way to understanding of peculiar Husserl’s transcendental philosophy. The author of the article points out that concept of formation varies between formation of sense and creation, but this fluctuation takes place only in relation to passive synthesis. Landgrebe rests upon a number of statements, considered in the article (“deep-laid dimension” of constitution process cannot be grasped by phenomenological introspection; functions of corporeality belong to functions of passive pre-constitution and with them to transcendental subjectivity; proceeding proto-occurrence of transcendental subjectivity has to be understood as creative process) in which this variation proves to be justified.

Key words
Passive constitution, formation of sense, creation, corporeality, phenomenological introspection, foundation.

 

III. DISCUSSIONS

Review of the International Conference
“Recognize — Act — Experience. Phenomenology and Pragmatism”
15–18 June 2011, Erfurt, Germany
(T. Litvin)
158-160
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Author
Litvin Tat'yana
PhD in Philosophy
Associate Professor of the Department of Philosophy and Cultural Studies, St. Petersburg University of the Humanities and Social Sciences
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Abstract
The breadth of M. Scheler’s field of scientific interests became thematic base of the international conference that brought together researchers of such diverse lines of investigation as phenomenology and pragmatism. Main subjects that were raised in participants’ papers along with archival and historic-philosophical researches were obviousness and religious experience, theory of values in the context of socio-political discussion, issues of philosophical conception of experience as epistemological and ethical category.

Key words
Max Scheler, phenomenology, pragmatism, theory of values, obviousness, religious action, individual experience, temporality.

Review of the International Conference
“Discover a New Sense: to Meet Unforeseen”
5–7 July 2011, Toulouse, France
(G. Chernavin)
161-167
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Author
Chernavin Georgy
Graduate student of the Department of Ontology and Epistemology, Faculty of Philosophy, St. Petersburg State University
PhD student of the Laboratory ERRAPHIS, University Toulouse II Le Mirail (France)
PhD student of the University of Wuppertal (Germany)
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Abstract
The main idea of the conference was the need of revision of modern state of the French phenomenology, which accomplished considerable revision of theses of phenomenology, based on classical Husserl’s and Heidegger’s texts, and oriented its researches to analysis of what is not presented phenomenally (such as rupture, trauma, event, face, gift, sacrifice). The conference was divided in 9 thematic blocks that, in addition to discussion the prospects of the French phenomenology and the problems of translation, substantially outlined such topics as prospects of subject of Maldine, scope of the external and manifestation of the Other of Levinas, otherness and phenomenon, phenomenology and pathological, otherness in M. Henri’s thought.

Key words
French phenomenology, post-phenomenology, A. Maldine, E. Levinas, M. Henri.

 

IV. BOOK REVIEWS

Zahavi Dan
Subjectivity and Selfhood. Investigating the First-Person Perspective.
The MIT Press, 2008
(T. Litvin)
168-171
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Author
Litvin Tat'yana
PhD in Philosophy
Associate Professor of the Department of Philosophy and Cultural Studies, St. Petersburg University of the Humanities and Social Sciences
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Abstract
Systematic research of “first-person” perspective in a monograph continues the old debate about the scientific status of introspection, its peculiarities, and in the interpretation of Zahavi — its advantages in comparison with the “third-person” perspective. The author questions about grounds of formation of self-consciousness, taking into account the experience of philosophy and other human sciences. The aim of this paper is to describe and clarify the whole system of differences and genetics of internal motivation in the form in which subjectivity is a dynamic (temporal) model of consciousness.

Key words
Formation of self-consciousness, internal structure of subjectivity, phenomenological method, internal consciousness of time.

Gallagher Shaun
How the Body Shapes the Mind.
New York: Oxford University Press, 2005
(А. Khakhalova)
172-179
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Author
Khakhalova Anna
Assistant Professor of the East-European Institute of Psychoanalysis
197198 St. Petersburg, Russia
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Abstract
This paper of Gallagher unifies efforts of a number of scientific fields (neurophysiology, cognitive psychology, phenomenology, analytic philosophy) in the analysis of corporeality of experience. Such issues, concerned with corporeality, as how and to what extent body participates in the process of consciousness, its constitution and functioning, formation of subject’s self and his existence and also in the process of cognition. The main aim of this paper is, as it is seen by the author, is the creation of common interdisciplinary glossary, common theoretical system for studies in the field of corporeality.

Key words
Corporal experience, consciousness, cognition, self, corporal image, corporal scheme, prenoetic structures.

 

V. EVENTS

Announce of Research Seminars at the Paris Archives Husserl 180-182
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Announce of the International Conference “Problems of Fortuity and Facticity in Phenomenology” 183-183
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Announce of the International Conference “Martin Heidegger and the Philosophical Tradition: Repetition vs. Overhaul” 184-190
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Announce of the Seminar “Problems of Contemporary Ontology” 191-192
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Announce of the International Conference
“Analytic Philosophy: Problems and Perspectives in Russia”
193-193
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Announce of a Virtual Seminar on the Book by A. G. Chernjakov “Ontology of Time. Being and Time in the Philosophy of Aristotle, Husserl, Heidegger” 194-194
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2012-1(1)

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